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Title

Development of a Practical Examination Utilizing Standardized Participants for Disease State Management Credentialing (Galley)

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Author(s)

Eric F. Schneider, Stephanie Gardner, and Jill T. Johnson

Journal

American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education

Vol. 64, No. 2 (2000)
DOI: aj640210.pdf

ISSN

002-9459

Publisher

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy

Abstract

Pharmacists are developing practices in which they take responsibility for managing patients' disease states. A mechanism to assess problem solving and patient communication skills for the purpose of credentialing is needed. Drawing from the experience of medical education, utilizing standardized participants is an ideal method for such assessment. The University of Arkansas has developed four practical examinations for credentialing pharmacists in disease state management (DSM). These examinations utilize actors trained to portray patients or physicians in a variety of scenarios pertinent to a pharmacist's DSM practice. The pharmacist is evaluated on his/her ability to assess a clinical situation, develop a solution, and communicate a response. To date, 114 pharmacists have been tested in anticoagulation, asthma, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia with an overall pass rate of 89.5 percent. Standardized patient use may prove to be the most effective method of evaluating pharmacists' practical skills for the purpose of DSM credentialing.

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